Featured Image: Protesters on October 31, 2018 in The People’s Court of Phan Thiet City, Binh Thuan province, Source: Zing.vn
Greetings from The 88 Project! We are bringing you news, analysis, and actions regarding human rights and civil society in Vietnam during the week of June 10-16. Political prisoner Le Anh Hung’s family has asked the prison to release him into his family’s care following his forced mental health treatment. And Tran Hoang Phuc’s family has sent a petition to prison authorities regarding his treatment in detention. Also, two imprisoned members of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son are in poor health. And authorities are now investigating kidnapped and detained blogger Truong Duy Nhat for a “fraudulent” land case. This week, we remember the dozens arrested on and around June 10, 2018 for their involvement in national protests. We also remember Facebookers Nguyen Van Quang and Nguyen Hong Nguyen, who were arrested a year ago for posting content deemed to be “anti-state.” Read testimony from Truong Thi Ha, an activist who was detained, beaten, and faced imminent risk of sexual assault during the June 2018 protests. And read about the lawsuit filed on behalf of over 7,000 people affected by the Formosa environmental disaster. In the news, read about Vietnam on the UN Security Council and US citizen Michael Nguyen’s upcoming trial. In case you missed it, we are hiring a part-time, remote-based human rights research officer. And please take action for political prisoner Tran Hoang Phuc by sharing his family’s petition.
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HUMAN RIGHTS & CIVIL SOCIETY
Political prisoner Phan Van Thu‘s wife has reported that several members of the jailed group the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son are in very poor health. Thu’s family has filed to suspend his sentence on medical grounds, but authorities denied their petition. In addition, fellow member Doan Dinh Nam is in ill health and receiving prison-supervised dialysis. Members of the group are now appealing to the international community for support in their cases. Phan Van Thu is serving a life sentence, and Doan Dinh Nam is serving 16 years. Twenty-two members of the group were convicted of subversion and sentenced to prison in 2013. However, those affiliated with the group maintained that the activities of the group were purely religious and that the authorities interpreted their religious teaching in political terms.
On June 7, the People’s Court of Hung Nguyen district, Nghe An province sentenced BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) activist Nguyen Quang Tuy to two years in prison. He was convicted under Article 330 of the 2015 Criminal Code for “obstructing public officers from carrying out their public duties” for refusing to pay a toll at a station he believed was incorrectly placed. He is part of a larger movement of BOT protesters standing up to what they believe is widespread toll booth corruption (see the case of Ha Van Nam); supporters were barred from attending the trial.
June 10 marked one year since massive protests over two draft laws on cybersecurity and Special Economic Zones swept through Vietnam. A crackdown on the protesters left at least 127 people behind bars or at risk after their participation in the demonstrations. In this article, we reflect on the protests, their aftermath, and the conditions of the people and communities affected one year later.
This week, we also remember the arrest anniversaries of the following political prisoners:
- Nguyen Van Quang, arrested June 12, 2018 and in pre-trial detention, accused of using his Facebook account to post and distribute anti-state content and distort the state’s policy, especially the two bills on Special Economic Zone and Cybersecurity, to incite the people to protest
- Nguyen Hong Nguyen, arrested June 16, 2018, sentenced to two years in prison for using Facebook to allegedly read articles, and watch, post, and share items with anti-state content.
Read this testimony by Truong Thi Ha, an activist who participated in the protests against draft Cybersecurity and Special Economic Zones laws in June 2018. She was detained, beaten, and faced imminent risk of sexual assault while in police custody. Similar stories have been documented in the Black Sunday report by Vietnamese civil society organizations, and in our Database of Activists at Risk, for instance, the stories of Nguyen Thi Loan and her husband Trinh Van Toan.
On June 11, authorities took BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) activist Dang Thi Hue and driver Bui Tien into custody at the Bac Thang Long-Noi Bai BOT toll booth and interrogated them for 4.5 hours. On May 20, authorities had attacked Hue and detained six other people who were protesting. It is believed she suffered a miscarriage due to the attack. Authorities have cracked down on BOT protests recently. Protesters claim the toll stations are incorrectly placed and/or charge fees past their contract collection times.
Environmental activist Cao Vinh Thinh was barred from travelling to Thailand on June 13. Security officers questioned for several hours and confiscated her passport. Thinh owns an eco-friendly store and is also a member of the Green Trees group. She was kidnapped and interrogated in March 2019 over the content of a documentary film on the civil society movement in Vietnam, which was produced by the Green Trees group.
Taiwanese lawyers have filed a lawsuit against the Taiwanese company Formosa. The suit was filed on behalf over 7,000 Vietnamese plaintiffs demanding U.S. $4.46 million in compensation. The plaintiffs claim that their livelihoods and communities’ physical environment were affected by a massive toxic waste spill from the Formosa company, which started in April 2016. While Formosa was fined U.S. $500 million by the Vietnamese government, clean-up efforts remain lackluster, and many affected fishermen are still without promised compensation. Those affected tried to seek legal recourse in Vietnam, but their case was rejected. Dozens have been jailed for protesting against the Formosa disaster and lack of accountability from involved actors, including Tran Thi Xuan, Nguyen Ngoc Anh (sentenced to six years in prison last week), and many others.
NEWS & ANALYSIS
A U.S. Citizen Detained in Vietnam Could Face the Death Penalty for Subversion, Time Magazine, June 11, 2019: “His family, who live in the U.S., say Nguyen is innocent and not involved with any dissident groups. The father of four daughters left Vietnam in 1975 during the communist takeover and fled to the U.S. ‘He is severely disadvantaged and unable to properly defend against any accusations against him,’ said a family statement cited by AFP. The family added that he has been denied access to lawyers.”
Vietnam ramps up pressure on Google’s YouTube advertisers, Reuters, June 12, 2019: “Vietnam has asked companies not to advertise on videos hosted by Google’s YouTube that contain ‘anti-state propaganda,’ state media said on Wednesday, as the Southeast Asian country ramps up pressure on global tech giants. Despite economic reforms and increasing openness to social change, the ruling Communist Party retains tight media censorship in Vietnam and does not tolerate dissent.”
“Fake News”: A New Weapon against Dissidents in Southeast Asia, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict, June 13, 2019: “In Vietnam, in January 2019, authorities arrested Nguyen Van Vein using Article 109 of the 2015 Criminal Code for the attempt to ‘overthrow the people’s administration.’ Nguyen, an environmental activist, is a member of the Brotherhood of Democracy, which has been a target of government crackdown in recent years. The organization saw most of their key members sentenced to prison for human rights and pro-democracy activism. Article 117 of the 2015 Criminal Code and the 2019 Cybersecurity Law also provide a basis for authorities to press charges and punish those accused of spreading online ‘propaganda against the state.’ Since January 2019, at least four people were either investigated or charged under Article 117 for their comments on Facebook.”