Luu Van Vinh

Current Status: Sentenced to prison

Photo of Luu Van Vinh

Other Names: Lưu Văn Vịnh

Date of Birth: 1967

Gender: M

Ethnicity: Kinh

Occupation: Construction contractor

Current Prison: Chi Hoa prison, Ho Chi Minh city

Areas of Activism:

  • Democracy
  • Land rights
  • Sovereignty

March 2019:

On March 18, five activists faced their appeal trial at the Higher People’s Court in Ho Chi Minh City. They are Luu Van Vinh (sentenced to 15 years) and his co-defendants Nguyen Quoc Hoan (13 years), Nguyen Van Duc Do (11 years), Tu Cong Nghia (10 years), and Phan Van Trung (also known as Thich Nhat Hue, 8 years). All five prisoners' sentences were upheld on appeal. The five maintained their innocence and protested the Court's decision. Only Vinh's wife was allowed inside the courtroom. The trial was originally set for January 21, 2019, but since one defense counsel, who was appointed by the authorities for Phan Trung, did not show up, the trial was postponed. 

Instead of informing Vinh’s and the others' families about their trials, a secretary from the court called their defense counsels, Nguyen Van Mieng and Dang Dinh Manh, on March 5, 2019. This was the third time that Le Thi Thap, Vinh’s wife, got the news on her husband’s trial from the lawyers.

Details - Background, History of Activism, Family Situation.

Luu Van Vinh. Artwork by Dinh Truong Chinh for The 88 Project

Vinh is a handyman from Hai Duong province, living in Ho Chi Minh City at the time of his arrest.

Vinh and his friend, Nguyen Van Duc Do, were both arrested for their roles in protesting Chinese activity in the South China Sea and the toxic Formosa spill that began in April 2016. Vinh founded a group called the Coalition for Self-Determination for Vietnamese People. 

Luu Van Vinh's wife and two kids met with him for the first time since his detention, over a year later, on November 13, 2017. The meeting was only 15 minutes long. Vinh received the news that his father had passed away since his detention began. His wife, Nguyen Thi Thap, had also been forced to close the family’s business due to police harassment. 


The 88 Project's archives

Defend the Defenders's archives

U.N. Human Rights Body Wants Vietnam to Free Dissidents, Radio Free Asia, November 22, 2016

Viet Nam: Crackdown on Human Rights Amidst Formosa Related Activism, Amnesty International, November 8, 2016

Viet Nam: Activists Held Incommunicado at Risk of Torture, Amnesty Internatonal, November 22, 2016

Vietnam jails five people accused of attempting to overthrow state, Channel News Asia, October 5, 2018

Arrested November 6, 2016. Sentenced to 15 years in prison under Art. 331 (2015 Code), Art. 79 (1999 Code). Expected Release is November 6, 2031.

November 6, 2016
  • Art. 331 (2015 Code)
  • Art. 79 (1999 Code)
October 5, 2018
  • Dang Dinh Manh
  • Nguyen Van Mieng
15 years in prison
November 6, 2031
Human Rights Watch

Vinh was arrested on November 6, 2016, after police came into his home, beat him, and took him away without presenting official documents. Nguyen Van Duc Do was also arrested after meeting with Vinh.

March 2018:

The People’s Court of Ho Chi Minh City returned Luu Van Vinh's case to the authorities for further investigation, refusing to prosecute him at that time.

October 2018:

Luu Van Vinh (L) and co-defendants at trial on October 5, Source: AFP

Luu Van Vinh was sentenced to 15 years in prison on October 5, almost two years after his initial arrest.

His wife, Le Thi Thap, was not allowed to attend the public trial. Only after the help of two lawyers and a secretary, was she able to watch her husband’s trial through a screen outside the room. However, the film and the sound failed sometimes, which made it difficult to follow the trial.

When the court started, Luu Vinh raised his hand up and said that he did not agree with this trial and questioned why his relatives weren't present if it was a public trial. However, the judge interrupted and did not allow him to speak further.
During the court, the representatives of Procuracy kept emphasizing the accusations towards Vinh that he “took advantage of the development of the information, accessed the social media to read anti-government articles then posted on Facebook those information, which was harmful to the national security." They also asked others defendants many pointed questions, which were to blame Vinh for tempting them to commit the crimes alleged in thier indictments. However, none of the defendants agreed with the accusation. Only the prosecutor and judge could speak. Vinh and others were interrupted even when they were supposed to answer the questions of the representatives of the Procuracy. The judge ignored the defense from the lawyers and sentenced Vinh and the others heavily.

Luu Van Vinh was sentenced to 15 years in prison. His co-defendants were also sentenced to prison terms: Nguyen Quoc Hoan, 13 years; Nguyen Van Duc Do, 11 years; Tu Cong Nghia, 10 years; and Phan Van Trung, 8 years. 

December 2018:

On December 19, Le Thi Thap visited her husband, Luu Van Vinh, at Chi Hoa Detention Center. Vinh said that his appeal petition, which he sent on October 10, had not yet been resolved.

January 2019:

At 9:00 am on January 21, the appeal trial against Luu Van Vinh (sentenced to 15 years) and his co-defendants Nguyen Quoc Hoan (13 years), Nguyen Van Duc Do (11 years), Tu Cong Nghia (10 years), and Phan Van Trung (also known as Thich Nhat Hue, 8 years) began. But since one defense counsel, who was appointed by the authorities for Phan Trung, did not show up, the trial was postponed. No new date was announced. 

February 2019:

On February 20, 2019, Luu Van Vinh’s family went with Nguyen Quoc Hoan’s family to meet with the two political prisoners at Chi Hoa Detention Center. Despite allowing the four other families of the defendants in Vinh's case to meet with the prisoners, police prevented Vinh's wife, Le Thi Thap, and his daughter from meeting Vinh. They explained that they could not arrange Vinh's family's meeting because normally it is at the end of the month. However, their last meeting with Vinh was on January 16, more than a month prior, and by law, prisoners are allotted one visit with family per month.

After their usual meeting was delayed in that incident (by one week), Le Thi Thap was finally able to meet her husband at Chi Hoa Detention Center on February 27. Vinh’s blood pressure had been high, causing recent dizziness. Vinh told her that his one-month detention order expired on February 12, 2019, which was issued after his original appeal trial on January 12 was postponed. The next morning, the court sent him and his four co-defendants an Indefinite Detention Order, and no new appeal date had yet been set. No matter how long the appeal trial is delayed, Vinh and his colleagues affirmed they would not cancel their appeal petition.

November 2017:

After a November 2017 visit, his wife reported that Vinh's health was worsening; he looked slim and had poor skin and weakened vision because glasses were prohibited. 

December 2017:

Luu Van Vinh has faced nearly constant death threats from his cellmate, but authorities have denied his request for a cell transfer; they have also denied Vinh glasses sent from his family.

November 2016:

Amnesty International released an Urgent Action regarding Vinh's "risk of torture and other ill treatment" while detained. 

May 2018:

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) opined that the detention of pro-democracy activist Luu Van Vinh by authorities of Ho Chi Minh City is arbitrary and demanded his release.

October 2018:

“Thirteen people have been placed behind bars in the past five weeks for ‘crimes’ such as blogging, using Facebook and other peaceful pursuits," Amnesty International said in response to the October 5 trial. Human Rights Watch called for the release of the five co-defendants as well. 

March 2019:

Human Rights Watch called for the release of Vinh and his co-defendants, as well as activsit Le Minh The (who was facing his first-instance hearing during the same week), saying that "[i]nternational donors and trade partners should tell Vietnam that continuing this crackdown will cause problems for the aid and trade deals that Hanoi wants to conclude with North America and the European Union.”

Profile last updated: 2019-04-01 04:39:18

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