Vietnam Free Expression Newsletter No. 20/2017 – Week of July 10-16
Greetings from Huong, Ella, and Kaylee from The 88 Project! We are bringing you news, analysis, and actions regarding human rights and civil society in Vietnam during the week of July 10 to 16. News broke that land and labor rights advocate Tran Thi Nga, who was arrested in January 2017, will face trial on July 25 and 26, charged under Article 88, the same Criminal Code provision as Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh (Mother Mushroom). There have been developments in land rights, international policy, and internet freedom. An article in The Diplomat makes the case for Vietnam adopting improved labor standards despite no longer working with the U.S. to ratify the Trans Pacific Partnership. This week also marks the four-year anniversary of adoption of restrictive Decree 72 in Vietnam. Please take action for Mother Mushroom, as she enters her third week of a ten-year prison sentence.
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HUMAN RIGHTS & CIVIL SOCIETY
Activists at Risk
Migrant, land, and labor rights advocate, Tran Thi Nga, who was arrested January 21, 2017, will go to trial under Article 88 on July 25 and 26 for the posting of online content. She is well-known for her activism to support migrant workers, trafficked persons, and environmental causes. She has two young children.
She has been in poor health while detained, resulting from a confrontation with police in 2014, and was not allowed to see her lawyer until May. She is facing up to 20 years in prison. Her trial follows that of another female prisoner of conscience, Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh (Mother Mushroom), who was sentenced to 10 years in prison on June 29.
A soccer team made up of many activists, bloggers, and other community members has been facing harassment from authorities, including interference during matches. The team was mentioned in a recent New York Times article about dissent in Vietnam the age of social media.
Environmental Activism/Community at Risk
Benedictine Catholics in Vietnam report that the country has stolen land from them to sell off, the latest action in an ongoing dispute over land rights, including a violent confrontation last month. Vietnam says officials have agreed to meet with the priests regarding the disputes.
The Vietnamese government, YouTube, and Facebook have eliminated 3,000 clips and 600 accounts after labeling them as “slanderous” to the state. Those two companies, plus Google, account for the majority of advertising earnings in the country.
RELEVANT NEWS & ANALYSIS
Trump still an unknown quantity for S-E Asia: “Hanoi launched a full-court press to engage the new administration by sending repeated delegations to Washington and snaring an early visit for the prime minister. Emphasising progress in the two countries’ relations, Mr Phuc told Mr Trump that ‘the relationship between Vietnam and the US has undergone significant upheavals in history, but today, we have been able to become comprehensive partners’.”
Will TPP’s Death Kill Labor Rights Reform in Vietnam?: “In its labor side agreement with the United States to implement the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), Vietnam committed to incorporate those international labor standards into its legal system and implement them in practice. For the TPP to take effect, the revision of the Labor Code was put on the agenda of the National Assembly to bring domestic law into conformity with the requirements of the TPP. However, when the United States withdrew from the TPP, labor rights reform was delayed. In this context, many people argued that the need for labor rights reform is gone because there is no more demand for reform from the United States.
On the contrary, I believe that Vietnam should and must continue its labor rights reform by ratifying ILO Conventions 87 and 98 on freedom of association and collective bargaining. By incorporating standards provided in these Conventions into the domestic legal system and implementing them in practice, Vietnam will receive a lot of legal, political, and economic benefits.”
How Hanoi’s Hidden Hand Helps Shape a Think Tank’s Agenda in Washington: “CSIS has earned genuine respect in leading foreign-affairs circles for its success in focusing the American public’s attention on China’s misconduct in the South China Sea. The rub is the evasiveness concerning who was paying the bills. That has been compounded by the business affiliations of CSIS officials who were raising money from the Vietnamese government at the same time they were promoting private business dealings in Vietnam.”
Doi Moi II: Rule of Law and State Legitimacy in Vietnam: “Heeding lessons from Asian Tigers South Korea and Taiwan, Vietnam has an opportunity – more than thirty years after Doi Moi – to embark on a new generation of progress: a “Doi Moi II” that introduces a Vietnamese brand of incremental democratization to help fight corruption and enhance institutional legitimacy. Such an effort would strengthen civil society’s confidence in government and sharpen domestic and international investment appetites.”
IN CASE YOU MISSED IT
If you haven’t already, take PEN International’s action for Me Nam, “calling on the Vietnamese authorities to drop the charges against blogger and human rights defender Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, and release her immediately and unconditionally.”
Please also take Amnesty International’s Urgent Action for her, as she is being held in incommunicado detention. Support is needed for her appeal.
Sign the change.org petition asking the British government to work to free prisoners of conscience in Vietnam. This is a particularly relevant action for our British followers to take.