Pham Thanh Nghien
Current Status: At risk
Other Names: Phạm Thanh Nghiên
Date of Birth: November 24, 1977
Religion: Christian (Catholic)
Areas of Activism:
- Freedom of expression
- Human rights
Communities At Risk:
Highlighted Human Rights Concerns:
- Former Political Prisoner
Former political prisoner Pham Thanh Nghien, currently residing in HCMC, was told by her family in Hai Phong (North Vietnam) that on July 26, the Hai Phong police came to tell them to tell her that she had been summoned to come to Hanoi on July 28 to answer questions regarding Nguyen Thuy Hanh, founder of the 50K Fund, who was arrested earlier this year. Hanoi police said they found a book by Nghien — Tales Behind Bars — at Thuy Hanh’s house. It is not clear what that had to do with Nghien, or why Hanoi police did not request HCMC police contact her directly. What is clear is that it’s impossible for Thanh Nghien to leave on such short notice while both cities are in total lockdown.
Details - Background, History of Activism, Family Situation, Contact Information.
In 2016, Pham Thanh Nghien got married Huynh Anh Tu, a former prisoner of conscience, who has lived in Loc Hung since 2014. They have a toddler and had just completed building their own house in Loc Hung vegetable garden one week before the new house was torn down during the forced evictions on January 4 and 8, 2019.
Profile photo source: Facebook Dương Đại Triều Lâm
On September 2008, Pham Thanh Nghien was arrested because of her protest against China’s illegal claim towards Paracel and Spratly Islands. Accused of “conducting propaganda against the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam," Nghien was sentenced to four years in jail and three years under house arrest on January 29, 2010.
Facebook Phạm Thanh Nghiên
Nhà báo Phạm Thanh Nghiên bị tuyên án 4 năm tù, Voice of America Vietnamese, January 29, 2010
Vietnam, dissident Pham Thanh Nghien sentenced to 7 years, AsiaNews, January 30, 2010
Interview with Pham Thanh Nghien (Part 1 – Arrest), The 88 Project, April 5, 2013
January 8, 2019: house destroyed during forced eviction at Loc Hung vegetable garden
- freedom of movement
- respect of privacy, family, home, and correspondence
In the early morning of January 8, the authorities carried out their land-grabbing for the second day at Loc Hung vegetable garden, Ward 6, Tan Binh District, Ho Chi Minh City.
A house of former political prisoners Pham Thanh Nghien and Huynh Anh Tu was destroyed on this day. The couple just completed building their new house in Loc Hung with their ten-year savings, only to see that house destroyed a week after. Pham Thanh Nghien managed to leave to bring her one-year-old daughter to a safe place thanks to a friend’s support, while Huynh Anh Tu stayed behind and witnessed the destruction of their house at 4:25 pm.
Tu and Nghien’s family is now in a particularly precarious situation: as a former refugee in Thailand and long-term political prisoner, Huynh Anh Tu does not have any identification papers, so they are unable to rent. Nghien and Tu’s toddler has asthma and they need a home with electricity for her to have access to a functioning nebulizer aspirator.
Note: Loc Hung vegetable garden is a six-hectare area that belongs to the Catholic Church of Vietnam in Ward 6, District Tan Binh, Ho Chi Minh City. That area has been in dispute between the local government and the households for nearly twenty years. The authorities prevented the Loc Hung residents from legalizing their land use right even though the residents have valid documents to support their claim.
The negotiation ended with the first forced eviction on January 4, destroying around 10 houses by a powerful force, including police, civil defense forces, and volunteer youth, with equipment such as bulldozers and firetrucks. After the second day of land-grabbing on January 8, 2019, all 112 houses were totally destroyed.
Please read more on the land-grabbing at Loc Hung vegetable garden, here.
Facebook Phạm Thanh Nghiên
Land-Grabbing In Vietnam Gets Serious In Urban Areas, The Vietnamese, January 5, 2019
Vụ cưỡng chế khu vườn rau Lộc Hưng: Kêu gọi người dân kê khai nhận hỗ trợ, Tuoi Tre Newspaper, January 17, 2019
July 26, 2021: summoned for questioning related to book
Former political prisoner Pham Thanh Nghien, currently residing in Ho Chi Minh City, was told by her family in Hai Phong (North Vietnam) that on July 26, Hai Phong police came to tell them that she had been summoned to go to Hanoi on July 28 to answer questions regarding Nguyen Thuy Hanh, founder of the 50K Fund, who was arrested earlier this year.
Hanoi police said they found a book by Nghien — Tales Behind Bars — at Thuy Hanh’s house. It is not clear what that had to do with Nghien, or why Hanoi police did not request that the Ho Chi Minh City police contact her directly. Nghien was unlikely to be able to comply with the summons, as both areas were in lockdown from COVID-19 at the time of the summons.
Cựu tù nhân lương tâm Phạm Thanh Nghiên: “Công an Hà Nội triệu tập tôi trong hoàn cảnh bất khả kháng”, RFA Vietnamese, July 27, 2021
Profile last updated: 2021-08-15 17:16:55