Greetings from The 88 Project! We are bringing you news, analysis, and actions regarding human rights and civil society in Vietnam during the week of November 27-December 3. On November 27, journalist Nguyen Van Hoa, who covered the Formosa environmental disaster, was sentenced to seven years in prison in a secret trial without representation. Three days later, Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh – Me Nam’s 10-year sentence was upheld on appeal, and her mother and supporters were assaulted outside the courthouse. International media and foreign governments widely condemned both trials. On December 1, the EU and Vietnam held their annual Human Rights Dialogue. Several international human rights organizations urged delegates to stand up for prisoners of conscience and activists at risk and reported on the series of arrests, attacks, and other threats to civil society in Vietnam in 2017. Vietnam also hosted the Vietnam Internet Forum this week in the midst of criticism from private companies and civil society towards its Draft Law on Cybersecurity. Read an interview with Mai Khoi, whose protest against President Trump triggered her eviction. And check out analysis of Internet control and religious freedom. This week, we remember land rights activist Can Thi Theu on the anniversary of the denial of her appeal and blogger and entrepreneur Tran Huynh Duy Thuc on his birthday. Please take action for Me Nam, who faces a decade in prison and poor health conditions.
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HUMAN RIGHTS & CIVIL SOCIETY
On November 27, 22-year-old journalist Nguyen Van Hoa was sentenced to seven years in prison and three years of probation under Article 88 after an unannounced, brief trial in Ha Tinh. Hoa had reported on the toxic Formosa environmental disaster that began in April 2016, sometimes using a drone. He was arrested on January 11, 2017 and had been held in incommunicado detention since then. His family was not notified of the trial, and he did not have a defense lawyer. For more information on his background and activism, read our profile, here.
The appeal court in Khanh Hoa province upheld blogger Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh‘s, also known as Me Nam, ten-year prison sentence on November 30. Quynh admitted to her activities but defended her right to free speech and maintained her innocence. Following the usual pattern for trials of activists charged under “national security” provisions, the trial was secretive and short, lasting only three hours. Supporters were prohibited from entering the courtroom. Her own mother had to sit in another room and watched the trial via video-conference. One of her defense lawyers, Vo An Don, had been disbarred just days before the trial.
Me Nam’s mother and children. Source: Nguyen Tuyet Lan Facebook
After the verdict, Quynh’s mother and several other activists and supporters protested the decision outside of the courthouse and were violently dispersed by pro-government thugs; police did not intervene to stop the attack. Several international human rights organizations and government officials, including the U.S. Chargé d’Affaires to Vietnam Caryn McClelland, have condemned the appeal denial.
NEWS & ANALYSIS
Vietnam Wants to Control Social Media? Too Late: “Vietnam routinely draws international criticism for its poor record on human rights, especially free speech — for strictly controlling print, radio and television news, and for muzzling bloggers. Passing this internet bill would hardly help its reputation. The law would also fly in the face of Vietnam’s commitments to various trade agreements, including under the World Trade Organization, and would likely unnerve foreign investors. In November, Vietnam celebrated the 20th anniversary of the internet’s arrival in the country. Blocking ever-popular social media platforms now would seem like a retrograde move — and to a time of fuller controls that never was. It would also most certainly trigger a popular backlash.”
Vietnam’s religion policy and practice – contradictions continue: “The Vietnam Conference of Catholic Bishops, in an open letter earlier this year, complained that the new law still retains the strong smell of treating Vietnam’s religious believers as adversaries, second-class citizens to be treated with suspicion. They asserted that their support for national development did not include support of the current government. Governments come and go, they said, and the government shouldn’t mete out religious freedom in dribs and drabs. Religious freedom, they said, is universal and God-given. Evangelical leaders say the law represents more intrusion into the internal affairs of their churches than any legislation heretofore. They regret that the new law will abrogate the benefits of the Prime Minister’s Special Directive no. 1 Concerning the Protestant Faith (2005), a directive sometimes used to grant permission for local congregations to operate, even while legal registration was pending or not available. In the highly unlikely event that this new law will be evenly enforced according to the government’s objectives, church leaders say it will be met with large-scale passive resistance.”
IN CASE YOU MISSED IT
November 30 marked a year since land rights activist Can Thi Theu’s appeal was denied. Theu was sentenced to 20 months in prison in September 2016 for “disturbing public order.” She is very active in fighting against land grabs and forced evictions. Read her December 2016 letter to supporters after her transfer to a distant prison, here.
© 2017 The 88 Project