Pham Van Troi
Current Status: Sentenced to prison
Other Names: Phạm Văn Trội
Date of Birth: October 10, 1972
Last Known Prison: Ba Sao prison, Nam Ha province
Areas of Activism:
- Human rights
- Labor rights
- Land rights
Highlighted Human Rights Concerns:
- Former Political Prisoner
- Denial of Family Visit/Punitive Prison Transfer
Details - History of Activism.
Pham Van Troi is a human rights and pro-democracy activist and member of the Broterhood for Democracy, which was founded by imprisoned human rights lawyey Nguyen Van Dai. He was previously president of the group. Troi has faced harassment for authorities for his activism. In May 2015, he was one of many activists barred from meeting with US diplomats during the US and Vietnam's Human Righs Diailogue. His home was also attacked by plainclothes agents in December 2016.
Pham Van Troi Facebook
Amnesty International, Urgent Action, Activists Held Incommunicado May Face Life in Prison, September 8, 2017
Many Vietnamese Activists Detained, Charged with Subversion, Defend the Defenders, July 30, 2017
Vietnamese activists arrested in widening crackdown, Reuters, July 30, 2017
Six Vietnamese Activists Sentenced for 'Subversion' in Hanoi Trial, Radio Free Asia, April 5, 2018
Arrested September 11, 2008. Sentenced to 4 years in prison under Art. 88 (1999 Code). Released September 11, 2012.
- Art. 88 (1999 Code)
Arrested July 30, 2017. Sentenced to 7 years in prison under Art. 79 (1999 Code). Expected Release is July 30, 2024.
- Art. 79 (1999 Code)
On April 5, in a one-day trial, six activists, whose backgrounds range from defending religious freedom, to environmental rights, to multi-party democracy, were sentenced to a combined 66 years in prison and 17 years of house arrest under Article 79 of the 1999 Criminal Code. Five of the activists are key members of the pro-democracy group, The Brotherhood for Democracy. All have been known to support political prisoners and their families and advocate for human rights. Pham Van Troi was sentenced to 7 years in prison and one year of house arrest.
In late April 2018, Nguyen Trung Ton, Pham Van Troi, Truong Minh Duc, and Nguyen Bac Truyen appealed their sentences.
Several relatives of jailed members of the Brotherhood for Democracy were prohibited from meeting with foreign diplomats. Nguyen Van Dai and Pham Van Troi’s wives were effectively placed under house arrest ahead of the meeting, and several other relatives of political prisoners were blocked from attending the meeting while in transit. A few relatives were able to meet with the diplomats and updated them on the prisoners. The meeting came just days before the bilateral US-Vietnam human rights dialogue on May 15.
Three Brotherhood for Democracy members – Nguyen Trung Ton, Truong Minh Duc, and Pham Van Troi– as well as religious freedom activist Nguyen Bac Truyen, had their appeals denied on June 4.
On October 13, 2019, Huyen Trang, wife of political prisoner Pham Van Troi, went to visit him in prison. According to her, Troi was in very bad health. He had been submitting a petition to be medically examined at the hospital for months because he was very tired and sometimes passed out while working. Finally, the prison managers took him to the General Hospital of Ha Nam province. However, when he was at the hospital, his hands were always handcuffed, and he drew a lot of attention from other people. He was only free from being handcuffed while inside the exam room.
Amnesty International released an Urgent Action for Pham Van Troi, Truong Minh Duc, and Nguyen Trung Ton. The three were arrested on July 30, 2017, under Article 79 for ties to the Brotherhood for Democracy. They are being held in incommunicado detention and need access to healthcare treatment.
Several UN Rapporteurs released a letter expressing concern about the arrests and detentions of Nguyen Bac Truyen, Truong Minh Duc, Nguyen Trung Ton, Pham Van Troi, Nguyen Van Tuc, and Le Dinh Luong. They highlighted the issue that these arrests took place during a concerted crackdown on human rights activists and point out that Vietnam has international obligations to protect universal freedoms, such as the rights to freedom of expression and assembly.
Governments, advocacy groups, and individuals alike have condemned the harsh sentences against Ton and his co-defendants. “The Vietnamese government should thank them for their efforts to improve the country instead of arresting and putting them on trial," said Human Rights Watch's Asia Director, Brad Adams, in a statement ahead of the trial. The Spokesperson of the EU External Action division noted in their statement that the rights exercised by the defendants are "guaranteed by the Vietnamese Constitution, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights." The United Kingdom's Foreign and Commonwealth Office Minister, Harriett Baldwin, agreed that peaceful expression of one's opinions should not be considered a crime. Heather Nauert, US State Department Spokesperson, also supported other governments and organizations in calling for the release of the prisoners and for Vietnam to uphold international obligations. "Individuals have the right to the fundamental freedoms of expression, association, and peaceful assembly, both online and offline," she said in her statement.
After Troi's appeal trial, Amnesty International released a statement condemning the decision to uphold his and his co-defendants' sentences, saying that: "These activists have been deliberately silenced by Vietnam’s authorities for bravely speaking out in a country where freedom of expression is under attack."
Pham Van Troi was sent from B14 detention center in Hanoi to Sao prison camp.
Nguyen Thi Lanh, Nguyen Trung Ton's wife, and other relatives of imprisoned activists met with US Embassy representatives in Hanoi to raise concerns about the health and treatment of Ton, and fellow imprisoned Brotherhood for Democracy members Truong Minh Duc, Tran Thi Xuan, and Pham Van Troi, in prison.
Profile last updated: 2020-12-24 17:24:13