Do Nguyen Mai Khoi
Current Status: At risk
Other Names: Đỗ Nguyễn Mai Khôi, Mai Khoi
Date of Birth: November 12, 1983
Areas of Activism:
- Freedom of expression
- Human rights
Details - Background, History of Activism.
Mai Khoi is the lead singer of Mai Khoi and The Dissidents, described by PEN America as “a group that could best be described as free jazz meets ethnic music.”
Influenced strongly by her father, Mai Khoi started playing music at the age of 12 in Nha Trang province. In early December 2004, she released her first album with the musical style of renaissance and then became famous for her unique music, which was concerned more with expressing artistic emotion than obtaining fame or sticking to the status quo. Throughout her singing career, she has gained achievements, such as the Song of the Year Award in 2010, but she also created controversy because of her social and political commentary and style. “To Vietnamese, I want them to understand what freedom of expression really means. If they don't agree about anything, let them come out in the streets with banners in their hands. To the international community, I want to encourage all people around the world, especially international media to pay attention to the human rights situation in Vietnam right now.” -- Mai Khoi, 2017
With her increasing popularity, Mai Khoi became the only celebrity in Vietnam talking about sexuality, LGBT rights and violence against women. Over time, her musical style shifted from that of pop hits to dissident folk songs. As a result of peacefully exercising her right to publicly express her opinion, she has been evicted from her home without being allowed to collect her possessions, stalked, harassed and arbitrarily detained. Her concerts have also been raided by security forces.
Mai Khoi usually uses her music to express her thoughts on social grievances and the desire for freedom for the Vietnamese. She also fights for an uncensored art environment, where artists are able to compose freely and pioneer for musical innovation; for example, combining traditional Vietnamese instruments with Western music or inviting ethnic minority musicians to be part of a pan-Southeast Asian orchestra.
In 2016, Mai Khoi applied to run as a National Assembly member with the three main focus areas of domestic violence, gender inequality, and creating a fresh and liberal art environment. She also ran on a platform of pro-democracy. Her nomination stirred controversy about youth political involvement and resulted in her roundtable meeting with Former US President Barack Obama, in which they discussed Vietnam’s human rights issues. Though she did not become a candidate for the elections as elections in Vietnam are strictly controlled by the ruling Communist Party, she continued establishing herself as a dissident musician.
During the APEC Summit in November 2017, she protested US President Donald Trump by holding up the sign “Piss on you Trump” as his motorcade passed. This action was driven by Trump’s racism and ignorance towards human rights violation in Vietnam during his visit. Mai Khoi was evicted from her apartment following her anti-Trump protest. Several months later, Vietnam officially responded to the UN’s concerns regarding the behavior of the government towards her. In the response, the government denied evicting Mai Khoi for political reasons, as well as denied that they have prohibited her musical performances.
Mai Khoi was also detained by authorities for eight hours in March 2018 after arriving home from a European tour publicizing her new album, “Dissent.” See the Incidents section of this profile for more details. Here, she discusses the impact of the album. “Dissent is just as important musically [as it is politically], because this is a new direction,” she said in a recent interview.
On May 30, 2018, Mai Khoi received the Vaclav Havel International Prize for Creative Dissent by the Human Rights Foundation, based in New York, in the Oslo Freedom Forum. Amnesty International recognized Mai Khoi as one of “12 inspiring human rights activists to follow in 2018.” She was also PEN America’s January 2018 Featured Case, and IFEX also released an interactive feature, “10 acts of artistic rebellion,” which highlighted Mai Khoi and the stories and works of artists worldwide who have recently faced imprisonment, harassment, or other risks for their activism. Khoi is currently the subject of a feature-length documentary that is planned to air on Netflix in 2019. In October 2018, she called on Facebook to ensure protection of freedom of expression as it works out new cybersecurity policies with the Vietnamese government and continues to expand its business there.
Mai Khôi giành giải thưởng bài hát của năm, Vietnamnet.vn, February 28, 2011
In One-Party Vietnam, Independents Vie for Assembly Seats, The New York Times, March 21, 2016
Vietnam singer Mai Khoi adds a youthful tone to aged politics, DW, June 7, 2017
How Vietnamese Pop Star Mai Khoi Found Her Political Voice & Was Silenced By Her Government, Bustle, August 23, 2017
Vietnam’s dissident voices call for democracy, Channel News Asia, September 17, 2017 (Video)
Vietnamese musician and activist evicted after Trump protest, The Guardian, November 12, 2017
Vietnamese artist Mai Khoi defiant after eviction for Trump protest, IFEX, November 27, 2017
January Featured Case: Mai Khoi, PEN America, January 7, 2018
Vietnam briefly detains dissident singer after European tour, Reuters, March 27, 2018
As Vietnam Clamps Down, Hanoi Artist Sings Out, Voice of America, March 29, 2018
Mai Khoi’s dissenting voice, The Economist, April 3, 2018
A Protest Singer Finds Her Voice in Vietnam’s Police State, The New York Times, October 1, 2018
How Facebook is damaging freedom of expression in Vietnam, The Washington Post, October 2, 2018
Vietnam’s Lady Gaga is pressuring Facebook to stop complying with censorship laws, Quartz, November 10, 2018
Vietnamese singer Mai Khoi, voice of dissent, Asia Times, November 15, 2018
Mai Khoi & The Dissidents at National Sawdust, DiaCRITICS, November 19, 2018
A Star of Vietnam, National Review, December 20, 2018
The singer raising her voice against Vietnam's new cyber law, Al Jazeera, December 31, 2018
2018 Oslo Freedom Forum, Olsofreedomforum.com
Mai Khoi’s website, mai-khoi.com
March 27, 2018: detained for eight hours after European tour
- freedom from arbitrary arrest or detention
- liberty and security of the person
- freedom of expression
- freedom of movement
In the beginning of March 2018, Mai Khoi was invited to the Czech Republic to be a judge for One World Film Festival, which is the largest human rights documentary film festival in the world. Mai Khoi performed two songs, “Xin ong” (Please, sir) and “Em la cua anh roi” (I am yours now) at the opening day of the festival on March 5, also the day they awarded the Homo Homini Human Rights Award to Vietnamese journalist Pham Doan Trang.
Mai Khoi’s European tour was in honor of her releasing her 8th album, “Bat Dong” or “Dissent,” which includes her song “Please, sir.” This song is about her requests to Communist Party leaders to allow Vietnamese people the freedom to sing, publish, share, and travel.
Mai Khoi was detained at the airport in Hanoi after landing back in Vietnam. She was later released on March 28, and she wrote on Facebook that she had been asked many private question such as: where did she go, who did she meet, what did she do or say, etc. She was not allowed to use her phone while being detained by security police, and her person and individual belongings, even her diary, were searched. She also had to sign a form that wrote the official reports on her detention before her release.
Her new album “Dissent” was considered as the main reason for her detention on March 27.
Profile last updated: 2019-04-27 04:39:49