Pham Thi Minh Thu

Current Status: Likely released - at risk

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Other Names: Phạm Thị Minh Thu

Date of Birth: 1973

Gender: F

Ethnicity: Kinh

Areas of Activism:

  • Freedom of expression
  • Sovereignty

Highlighted Human Rights Concerns:

  • Former Political Prisoner

July 2019:

On July 17, 2019, The People’s Court of Binh Thuan Province denied the appeals of prison sentencesfrom the first instance trial of three activists. These three activists protested in Hoa Minh commune and Song Luy bridge on June 10, 2018 as part of national demonstrations over two draft laws on Cybersecurity and Special Economic Zones. Nguyen Thi LienTran Ho, and Pham Thi Minh Thu were convicted of  “disturbing public order" under Article 318 of the 2015 Criminal Code. Lien and Ho were sentenced to three years in prison, and Thu to two years, all of which were upheld on appeal.

Details - Background, History of Activism.

Pham Thi Minh Thu lived in Tuy Phong District, Binh Thuan province prior to arrest.

On June 10, 2018, Thu participated in the demonstrations against two bills on Special Economic Zones and Cybersecurity.

Arrested June 10, 2018. Sentenced to 2 years in prison under Art. 318 (2015 Code). Expected Release is June 10, 2020.

June 10, 2018
  • Art. 318 (2015 Code)
Binh Thuan province public security, Binh Thuan province
Highway 1A, crossing Cau Nam area, Lam Loc 1 Hamlet, Hoa Minh Commune and Song Luy bridge, Thanh Giang 1 Quarter, Phan Ri Cua Town, Tuy Phong District (map)
March 7, 2019
The People’s Court of Tuy Phong District, Binh Thuan Province
2 years in prison
June 10, 2020
  • freedom from arbitrary arrest or detention
  • liberty and security of the person
  • freedom of expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly
  • fair trial
  • political participation

On March 7, 2019, The People’s Court of Tuy Phong District, Binh Thuan Province held the first instance trial against Pham Thi Minh Thu.

According to the indictment, from 8:00 am to 11:00 pm on June 10, 2018, Thu and others gathered at National Highway 1A, which crosses the area of Cau Nam, Lam Loc 1 Hamlet, Hoa Minh Commune and Song Luy bridge, Thanh Giang 1 Quarter, Phan Ri Cua Town, Tuy Phong District. Thu and others allegedly attacked security forces with sticks, bricks, stones, and handmade petrol bombs, as well as damaged property.

Pham Thi Minh Thu was sentenced to two years for “disturbing the public order” under Article 318 of the 2015 Penal Code.


While the authorities accused some of the protesters involved in the June 2018 protests of using violence, Vietnamese activists themselves claim that the violence was actually started by the authorities, who sent their own people to mingle with the protesters to start or incite violent scenes, which would justify the use of harsher means to disperse the crowd, such as tear gas, water cannons, physical assaults, and arrests. This method, the activists said, would be part of what the Public Security calls Project A2 – Disperse protests and Repress riots. While this claim from the activists remains to be verified, it is true that the police have used brutal violence towards protesters and activists. This has been well documented in the “Black Sundays” report, which details the detentions of unarmed protesters and the physical assault that amounts to torture against them, and calls for accountability from the Vietnamese government in line with international human rights obligations.

The 88 Project is investigating the known arrests and the allegations of the crimes committed by protesters. In the absence of a free press environment, the protesters should be given the benefit of the doubt, and any accusation by the authorities against them should not be taken for granted.

Profile last updated: 2020-08-07 17:38:29

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